ఎప్పుడమ్మా ఈ దేశంలో ప్రజలు
భయంలేకుండా స్వేచ్చగా తిరగగలిగేది?
ఎప్పుడు తల్లీ! చదువుకోసం, విధులకోసం
బయటకు వెళ్ళిన నీ అడబిడ్డలు క్షేమంగా
ఇల్లు దాటి బయటకు వెళ్ళిన
నీ బిడ్డలు, రోడ్డుప్రమాదాల బారిన గాని,
ఉగ్రవాద మారణహోమానికి గాని,
మాఫియా కబంధహస్తాల్లో గాని
రౌడీమూకల రాక్షసత్వానికి గాని
సైకోల పైశాచికత్వానికి గాని
బలికాకుండా క్షేమంగా ఇల్లు చేరగలిగేది..?
ఎప్పుడు తల్లీ ఈ దేశానికి నిజమైన
నీ బిడ్డలు స్వేచ్చగా, హాయిగా తిరగగలిగేది ఎప్పుడు?
శాంతి నిండిన భారతావని అవతరణ ఎప్పుడు?
WATER RESOURCES MANAGEMENT FOR
Water, the basic,
precious element of the life support system of the earth, is indispensable to
sustain any form of life and virtually every human activity.
The availability of
water in adequate quantity and quality is a necessary condition for sustainable
management is a systematic process for the sustainable development, allocation
and monitoring of water resources. The
concept of the water resources management was articulated at the International
Conference on Water and Environment held in Dublin.
principles in Water resources management includes,
1.Water should be treated as an
economic, social and environmental good.
2.Water policies should focus on the
management of water as a whole not just on the provision of water.
3.Governments should facilitate and enable the sustainable development of
water resources by the provision of integrated water policies and regulatory
4.Water resources should be managed at the lowest appropriate level.
5.Women should be recognized as central to the provision, management and
safeguarding of water.
Global water consumption
has increased about sevenfold since beginning of the 20th
century. This has been caused both
population growth and by increase of per capita water use.
Despite of adequate
quantity of water on the earth, only 3% of water is utilizable. In that, 2% of
water is in the form of glaciers and ice, the remaining 1% of water serves the
every need of human and others.
If we could not safeguard
the water now, the reserves will become empty in future and our forth coming
generation have to face intensity of non availability of water. This drastic situation will ruin the large
scale of people. So, we must safeguard the water by managing it effectively.
Major Problem Areas in Water resources management
1.Allocation among various sectors
2.Under valued water resources
4.Disparities in distribution of
5.Global climate change
There are some desirable policies for effective Water resources
1.Proper pricing. Eg. Ghana has introduced proper pricing
in its water regulation.
2.Incentives for effective
6.Creation of Data bases
9.Inter linking of Major River Systems
management plays a major role in treating the large catchments of rain water
harvesting through micro WDPs.
issue of equity is of major concern in drinking water, irrigation industrial
and other all purpose. Inefficient use
leads to exclusion of tail enders in water accessibility is a critical
should be mitigated.
Traditional Irrigation Management
should encourage our ancient traditional Irrigation Management system which is
prevalent for the last 7000 years.
system is purely community based with more efficiency in using water resources
with low cost and easily maintained by the locals.
are 4 kinds of traditional systems.
1.Ahar & Pyne system of Central Bihar,
2.the traditional system of Rajasthan,
3.the Tank system of Tamilanadu,
4.and the traditional irrigation system of North
This system is technology
evolved over centuries. These systems
should be encouraged.
Increase efficiency in Managing water resources
is a need to increase water use efficiency in surface water, canals and ground water by using pipes,
sprinklers drips etc.,. This can be done
among the needy and poor farmers through subsidy by the government.
Rain water Harvesting
rain water harvesting, the traditional practice of trapping monsoon rain water,
which recharges ground water.
Construction of Check dams
Check dams should be constructed in those areas, where there is chance to store
large quantity of rain water from the local vagus and small rivers flows in
Construction of Large dams
view of the future needs, there is a need for large dams as they help in
storing water for non rainy season, utilization of water amount needy sectors,
reliable source of irrigation and help in flood control. These large dams are
very essential to supply the water to fields to meet the 500 tonnes of food
production by 2050.
Government intervention, we need community participation to manage the
projects. Water Users Associations are
the examples of such participation and the Governments should facilitate the
process to institutionalize the water users associations.
Gender and Water resources Management
men and women are supposed to be equally involved to attain sustainable water
management. Women need to manage water
for house hold purpose.
Subsidy to Irrigation
irrigation creates wastages of water in irrigation. Our Honourable Prime Minister Dr.Manmohan
Singh opined that the water is being treated as free element which results
wastage of water. Hence there is a dire
need of rationalization of subsidization of irrigation keeping in view of the
efficiency in raising productivity of water resources.
Recycling of water
used water can be reused by recycling. Eg. In Ghana,
some of the industries recycled their water use in order to minimize the
pressure on urban water supply.
irrigation farming, recycled water can also be used to water the crops.
Inter linking of river system.
our country, there are so many rivers. Due to inefficient management of the
rain water, every year thousands TMC of water merges with ocean. Inter linking
of major river systems could help to store the said water and also helps to
safeguards from floods.
In accordance with the
Indian Easement Act 1882, every person in India had the right to use ground
water. But heavy use of ground water
leads to severe decrease in level of ground water. It is mandatory to safeguard the ground water
and also surface water by effective management of water resources.
this drastic situation, Andhra Pradesh Government brought A.P.WALTA in force to
regulate the use of ground water. This
act clearly says, ground water should be used only for drinking purpose in
those places, where an adverse effect on ground water.
economists believe in imposing of tax on water can save wastage of water and
the social activists supports, as the water is a free source from nature and it
should not taxed.
different views, it is inevitable fact that, in some countries like Bolievia
& Tanzania, the water regulating system become privatized.
same happened in Chattisgadh also. The
Sivanath river was privatized about 20 Km.
The locals of the river lost their right on the river.
per the Article 21 of Indian Constitution, safe water is also part of the above
article and according to the United Nations Organizations Article 24, every
child have the right of Safe drinking water.
number of people experiencing scarcity of water is likely to reach 3 billion by
2035 according World Bank.
this context, we need to develop hydraulic intrastate in the form of Dams,
Canals, bunds and new innovations in order to avoid wastage of this precious resource.
regulatory frame works need to be created for enacting laws and building institutions
needed for managing water resources.
ఇటీవల నీటి పారుదల శాఖలో జరిగిన రాష్ట్రస్థాయి పోటీల్లో రెండు బంగారు పతకాలు సాధించడం జరిగింది. వ్యాసరచన పోటీల్లో ఇవి లభించాయి. ఇంగ్లీషు మీడియమ్ విభాగంలో " Water Resources Management for Sustainable Development ", తెలుగు మీడియమ్ విభాగంలో " వాతావరణంలో మార్పులు-జలవనరులపై ప్రభావం-ఆహారభద్రత" అను అంశాలపై రెండు స్వర్ణపతకాలు అందుకోవడం జరిగింది. అక్కడ రాసిన వ్యాసాలు ఇక్కడ ఉంచుతున్నాను. చదివి మీ అభిప్రాయం చెప్పండి.